當代中國專題:遷徙、勞動與數位媒體(1101)

劉子愷
民族學系
2021/09/13
~ 2022/01/14
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開課教師|Instructor


劉子愷
助理教授

專長領域:臺灣民族誌、社群媒體與數位敘事

課程介紹|Content


 This is an in-class and online course for graduate students who are interested in doing ethnographic research with a focus on the topics of labor and migration in the digital age.  This is also an E-Learning course that opens to the general public. Moreover, this course will open to exchange students whose universities have developed partnerships with National Cheng-Chi University. Students with or without background knowledge of contemporary China are welcome to take this course. The course will use Google Meet, Moodle, Youtube, and IPCM (Instant Perspective Comparison Module) to develop the weekly activities and discussions for synchronous online learning.

   This course examines the scales and practices of migration and labor in the digital media era with an intensive focus on domestic and transnational migration in China. In order to enrich the depth and comparison of case studies, this course will also cover a few ethnographic cases from other East Asian countries. This course, in particular, focuses on the impacts of the internet, smartphones, websites, and social media on interpersonal and intercultural communication and networks in the context of migration. It covers the conceptual and theoretical frameworks of digital labor, platform economy, gig economy, digital working-class, affective labor, and precarity in the fields of anthropology, applied economics, sociology, and communication. The class will also read the books and ethnographies which, in particular, focus on rural-to-urban migration, return migration, suzhi discourse, gender politics, labor networks, family ties, class differentiation, and digital labor.

  Two workshops “Migration Studies, Digital Ethnography and Qualitative Research Methods” and “Research Methods for Multi-Sited Ethnography Online and Offline” will be held in Week 7 and Week 11. The objective of these workshops is to introduce the methodologies in doing migration study, digital ethnography, and online research. A symposium “Migration, Labor and Digital Media” will be organized in Week 16. Besides the talks given by the invited scholars, students from this course will also be invited to give the presentations at the meeting.   

 

Note: 本課程已申請數位互動課程補助計畫(E計畫)。修課同學、網路學員或旁聽同學需簽署「參與數位互動課程同意書」,老師會於第一週、第二週的課堂中說明。 

課程目標|Goal


  • Critically review and discuss the topics of labor and migration in the age of digital media from the interdisciplinary approaches.
  • Examine extant literature on the topics of labor migration and digital media in contemporary China.
  • Understand the ethnographic methods in migration study, digital ethnography, and online qualitative research.
  • Apply the above intellectual concepts and theoretical frameworks to their own experiences and observations of migration and digital media practices.
  • Enhance students' awareness of social inequality, class gap, and digital divide in digital media practices that migrants encounter.

課程進度|Schedule


週次

 

 

課程主題

 

 

課程內容與指定閱讀

 

 

教學活動與作業

 

學習

投入時間

課堂

講授

課程

前後

1

Introduction

 

 

3

2

2

Labor, Ideology and Political Economy in the Age of Social Media

Fuchs, Christian

2015 Culture and Economy in the Age of Social Media. New York: Routledge.

[Read]

Chapter 3: Communication, Ideology, and Labour

Chapter 4: Social Media and Labour Time

 

Guo, Shaohua

2021 The Evolution of the Chinese Internet. Stanford University Press.

Chapter 2: A Historical Overview through Technological Platforms.

Lecture; group presentations; discussions

 

3

6

3

Platform Economy and Sharing Economy

 

Zhang, Lin

2020 When Platform Capitalism Meets Petty Capitalism in China: Alibaba and an Integrated Approach to Platformization. International Journal of Communication 14: 114-134.

 

Vallas, Steven and Juliet B. Schor

2020 What Do Platforms Do? Understanding the Gig Economy. Annual Review of Sociology 46: 273-294.

 

Ravenelle, Alexandrea J.

  2019 Hustle and Gig: Struggling and Surviving in the Sharing Economy. Oakland:

University of California Press.

Chapter 1: Strugglers, Strivers and Success Stories.

Lecture; group presentations; discussions

 

3

9

4

Digital Labor, Exploitation and Informational Capitalism

Fuchs, Christian

2014 Digital Labor and Karl Marx. London: Routledge.

[Read]

Chapter 11: Theorizing Digital Labour on Social Media.

 

Bucher, Eliane and Christian Fieseler

2017 The Flow of Digital Labor. New Media & Society 19(11): 1868-1886.

 

Brophy, Enda and Greig De Peuter

2018 Labors of Mobility: Communicative Capitalism and the Smartphone Cybertariat. In

Theories of the Mobile Internet: Materialities and Imaginaries. Andrew Herman, Jan Hadlaw and Thom Swiss, eds. Pp. 60-86. London: Routledge.

 

Lecture; group presentations; discussions

 

3

9

5

Digital Working Class, Labor and Migrants in China

Sun, Ping

2019 Your Order, Their Labor: An Exploration of Algorithms and Laboring on Food Delivery Platforms in China. Chinese Journal of Communication 12(3): 308-323.

 

Qiu, Jack Linchuan

2018 China’s Digital Working Class and Circuits of Labor. Communication and the Public 3(1): 5-18.

 

Chen, Julie Yujie

2017 Thrown Under the Bus and Outrunning It! The Logic of Didi and Taxi Drivers’ Labour and Activism in the On-demand Economy. New Media & Society 20(8):

2691-2711.

 

Lecture; group presentations; discussions;

 

3

9

6

Labor, Precarity and (Dis)empowerment

Han, Clara

2018 Precarity, Precariousness, and Vulnerability. Annual Review of Anthropology 47: 331-343.

 

Lee, Ching Kwan

2016 Precarization or Empowerment? Reflections on Recent Labor Unrest in China. The Journal of Asian Studies 75(2): 317-333.

 

McDonald, Tom 

2020 Social Money and Working-Class Subjectivities: Digital Money and Migrant Labor in Shenzhen, China. China Quarterly 242: 397-417.

Lecture; group presentations; discussions;

 

 

 

7

 

Workshop I
研究方法工作坊:

遷徙研究、

數位民族誌和

質性研究方法

 

Migration Studies,

Digital Ethnography and Qualitative Research Methods

 

3

9

8

Female Migrant Labor, Suzhi Discourse and Self-Development

Pun, Ngai

2016 Migrant Labor in China: Post-socialist Transformations. Cambridge: Polity

Press.

Chapter 5: Spatial Politics: Production and Social Production of the Dormitory Labor

Regime.

 

Yan, Hairong

2008 New Masters, New Servants: Migration, Development, and Women Workers in China. Durham: Duke University Press.

[Read]

Chapter 3: Suzhi as a New Value: Neoliberal Governance of Labor Migration.

Chapter 5: Self-Development and the Specter of Class.

 

Kipnis, Andrew

2007 Neoliberalism Reified: Suzhi Discourse and Tropes of Neoliberalism in the People’s Republic of China. Journal of Royal Anthropological Institute

13(2): 383-400.

Lecture; group presentations; discussions;

 

3

9

9

Migrant Youth, Return Migration and Homelands

Ling, Minhua

2019 The Inconvenient Generation: Migrant Youth Coming of Age on Shanghai’s Edge. Stanford: Stanford University Press.

Chapter 5: To Go Home or Not.

 

La, Hai Anh La and Suiwah Leung

2012 Remittances from Migrants: Experience of Vietnamese Households. Journal of Vietnamese Studies 7(4): 10-31.

 

Pido, Eric J.

2017 Migrant Returns: Manila, Development, and Transnational Connectivity. Durham:

Duke University Press.

Chapter 2: The Foreign Local: Balikbayans, Overseas Filipino Workers and the Return Economy.

Chapter 5: The Balikbayan House: The Precarity of Return Migrant Homes.

Lecture; group presentations; discussions;

 

3

9

10

Migrants, Gender Politics and Affective Labor

Wallis, Cara

2018 Domestic Workers and the Affective Dimensions of Communicative Empowerment.

Communication, Culture, and Critique 11(2): 213-230.

 

Peng, Y.

2017 Affective Networks: How WeChat Enhances Tencent’s Digital Business Governance.

Chinese Journal of Communication 10(3): 264-278.

 

Ip, Penn Tsz Ting

2017 Desiring Singlehood? Rural Migrant Women and Affective Labour in the Shanghai Beauty Parlour Industry. Inter-Asia Cultural Studies 18(4): 558-580.

 

Woodcock, Jamie and Mark R. Johnson

2019 The Affective Labor and Performance of Live Streaming on Twitch.tv. Television and New Media 20(8): 813-823.

Lecture; group presentations; discussions;

 

3

9

 

 

 

11

 

 

 

Workshop II
研究方法工作坊:

線上/線下的

多點民族誌

 

 

 

 

Research Methods for

Multi-sited Ethnography Online and Offline

 

 

 

12

Migrants, Gender and Technomobility

Wallis, Cara

2013 Technomobility in China: Young Migrant Women and Mobile Phones.

Introduction: Mobile Bodies, Mobile Technologies and Immobile Mobility.

Chapter 1: Market Reforms, Global Linkages and (Dis)continuity in Postsocialist

China.

Chapter 2: “My First Big Urban Purchase”: Mobile Technologies and Modern

Subjectivities.

Chapter 3: Navigating Mobile Networks of Sociality and Intimacy.

 

Lecture; group presentations; discussions;

 

3

9

13

Digital Labor, Gig Economy and Algorithms

Rosenbalt, Alex

2018 Uberland: How Algorithms Are Rewriting the Rules of Work.

Chapter 1: Driving as Glamorous Labor.

Chapter 2: Motivations to Drive.

 

Seaver, Nick

2017 Algorithms as Culture: Some Tactics for the Ethnography of Algorithmic Systems. Big Data and Society 4(2).

 

Bucher, Taina

2017 The Algorithmic Imaginary: Exploring the Ordinary Affects of Facebook Algorithms. Information, Communication and Society 20(1): 30-44.

Lecture; group presentations; discussions;

 

3

9

14

Gender, Digital Labor and Digital Economy

Lukács, Gabriella

2020 Invisibility by Design: Women and Labor in Japan's Digital Economy. Durham:

Duke University Press.

Introduction: Labor and Gender in Japan’s Digital Economy.

Chapter 1: Disidentifications: Women, Photography and Everyday Patriarchy.

Chapter 2: The Labor of Cute: Net Idols in the Digital Economy.

Chapter 3: Career Porn: Blogging and the Good Life.

 

Sun, Wanning

2012 Amateur Photography as Self-Ethnography: China’s Rural Migrant Workers and the Question of Digital-political Literacy. Media International Australia 145: 135-144.

Lecture; group presentations; discussions;

 

3

9

15

Migration, Transnational Family and Care

Francisco-Menchavez, Valerie

2018 The Labor of Care: Filipina Migrants and Transnational Families in the Digital Age. Urbana: University of Illinois Press.

Introduction: Filipinos transnational Families and New Caring Strategies.

Chapter 1: Multidirectional Care in Transnational Families.

Chapter 2: Skype Mothers and Facebook Children.

Chapter 3: Communities of Care.

 

Lim, Sun Sun

2020 Transcendent Parenting: Raising Children in the Digital Age. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Chapter 1: Transcendent Parenting and the Media-Rich Household.

Lecture; group presentations; discussions;

 

3

9

16

 

Symposium

學術會議

 

Migration, Labor and

Digital Media

 

 

 

17

Final Project Presentations

個人期末

專題報告

Students’ Presentations

Lecture; group presentations; discussions;

 

3

6

18

Final Project Presentations

個人期末

專題報告

Students’ Presentations

group presentations; discussions;

3

6

 

上課形式|Activities


30%

講述Lecture

20%

討論Discussion

20%

小組活動Group activity

30%

數位學習E-learning

0%

其他:Others:

評分標準|Grading


Class Attendance/Participation/Discussion (total 15%)

Weekly Discussion Questions (total 11%)

Article Presentations (6 times) (total 18%)

Response Written Papers (6 times) (total 24%)

Final Project Presentation (12%)

Final Written Paper (20%)      

參考書目|Readings


Fuchs, Christian

  2014 Digital Labor and Karl Marx. London: Routledge.

  2015 Culture and Economy in the Age of Social Media. New York: Routledge.

Scholz, Trebor ed.

  2013 Digital Labor: The Internet as Playground and Factory. New York: Routledge.

Qiu, Jack Linchuan

  2009 Working-class Network Society: Communication Technology and the Information Have-Less in Urban China. Cambridge: MIT Press.

Pun, Ngai

  2016 Migrant Labor in China: Post-socialist Transformations. Cambridge: Polity.

Yan, Hairong

  2008 New Masters, New Servants: Migration, Development, and Women Workers in China. Durham: Duke University Press.

Ling, Minhua

  2019 The Inconvenient Generation: Migrant Youth Coming of Age on Shanghai's Edge. Stanford: Stanford University Press.

Francisco-Menchavez, Valerie

  2018 The Labor of Care: Filipina Migrants and Transnational Families in the Digital Age. Urbana: University of Illinois Press.

Wallis, Cara

  2013 Technomobility in China: Young Migrant Women and Mobile Phones. New York: NYU Press.

Agrawa, Ravi

  2018 India Connected: How the Smartphone Is Transforming the World's Largest Democracy. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Schneider, Florian

  2018 China's Digital Nationalism. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Smith, James H.

  2021 The Eyes of the World: mining the Digital Age in the Eastern Dr. Congo. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.

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