人類學專題:互為主體性(1102)

劉子愷
民族學系
2022/02/14
~ 2022/06/20

開課教師|Instructor


劉子愷
助理教授

專長領域:臺灣民族誌、社群媒體與數位敘事

課程介紹|Content


This is a course for graduate students focusing on the topics of subjectivity and intersubjectivity which have been developed across disciplines such as psychology, anthropology, philosophy and linguistics. In globalizing, neoliberal and decolonizing forces in complex and unequal conjunctions with people’s daily life, recent ethnographic studies offer an important lens for looking at intersubjectivity which is subject to cultural diversity, social turmoil, political transformation and pandemic chaos. In Part One, this course reviews a few key theoretical approaches to the study of intersubjectivity. In Part Two, this course discusses selected case studies about psychotherapy, psychoanalysis, empathy, emotion and disability in the field of psychology and psychological anthropology, and explores ethnographic studies in the fields of psychological, linguistic and religious anthropology. This course will also take a reflexive step to look at what anthropologists can learn from psychologists or the reverse ways.

本課程為英語授課課程,使用中文和英文教材,修課學生需具備英語能力之外,也需具備中文溝通的基本能力。本課程以「互為主體性」為主題,由「心理人類學」理論架構出發,延伸到哲學、心理學、語言人類學、精神醫學的理論架構,探討個體意識和身體為中心的主體性、人與人之間的互為主體性、以及人/物、人/非人之間的互為主體性、宗教經驗的討論。本課程也會閱讀人類學和心理學取向,探討互為主體性的相關民族誌研究和行為科學研究。

  • 本課程已申請深耕辦數位互動課程補助計畫(E計畫)。修課同學、網路學員或旁聽同學皆應簽署「參與數位互動課程(E計畫)同意書」並遵守相關規範,始得參與本課程。

課程目標|Goal


  • Critically review and discuss theoretical development and interdisciplinary discussions of intersubjectivity.
  • Examine anthropological and psychological studies on intersubjectivity.
  • Apply above intellectual concepts and theoretical frameworks to their own experiences and observations of intersubjective conjuncture and disjuncture.
  • Enhance students’ awareness of social inequality, cultural difference and ethnic boundary-making as well as a dynamic formation of intersubjective positioning and belonging.

課程進度|Schedule


 

週次

 

 

課程主題

 

 

課程內容與指定閱讀

 

 

教學活動與作業

 

學習

投入時間

課堂講授

課程前後

 1

Introduction     3 2

2

What is Subjectivity? What is Intersubjectivity?

什麼是主體性?

什麼是互為主體性?

Luhrmann, Tanya M.

2006 Subjectivity. Anthropological Theory 6(3): 345-361.

 

Edwards, Terra

2021 Intersubjectivity. In The International Encyclopedia of Linguistic Anthropology. James Stanlaw, ed. Malden: John Wiley & Sons.

Lecture; group presentations; discussions

 

3 6

3

Theoretical

Approach I

黑格爾(Georg W. F. Hegel) 和精神分析

Hegel, Georg Wilhelm Friedrich

2019[1807] 精神現象學(The Phenomenology of Spirit)。臺北 : 五南圖書。

第一章:感性確定性,或「這一個」和意謂。

第二章:知覺,或物與錯覺。

第四章:自身確定性的真理。

 

Stern, Robert

2010[2001] 《黑格爾與精神現象學》。台北:五南。

第二章:客體的辯證。

第三章:主體的辯證。

Lecture; group presentations; discussions

 

3 9

4

Theoretical

Approach II

胡塞爾(Edmund Husserl) 和現象學

Husserl, Edmund

2001 Analyses Concerning Passive and Active Synthesis: Lecture on Transcendental Logic. Anthony J. Steinbock, trans. Dordrecht: Kluwer.

Chap 2. Thinking as the Theme of Logic. Speaking, Thinking and What is Thought?

Chap 4. Thinking as a Sense Constituting Lived-Experience.

Chap 5. Sense-Constituting Lived-Experiences as Egoic Acts.

Lecture; group presentations; discussions

 

3 9

5

Theoretical

Approach III

互為文本性、

互為論述性、

相互意識

Harkness, Nicholas

2011 Culture and Interdiscursivity in Korean Fricative Voice Gestures. Journal of

Linguistic Anthropology 21(1): 99-123.

Dunn, Cynthia Dickel

2006 Formulaic Expressions, Chinese Proverbs, and Newspaper Editorials: Exploring Type

and Token Interdiscursivity in Japanese Wedding Speeches. Journal of Linguistic

Anthropology 16(2): 153-172.

李文玫

2015 相遇與交融:研究者、研究方法與研究參與者互為主體性的開展性歷程。生命敘說與心理傳記學3: 25-53。

Lecture; group presentations; discussions;

 

3 9

6

Theoretical

Approach IV

不確定性(indeterminacy) 、

暴露(exposure)、

互為主體性

Rommetveit, Ragnar

1976 On the Architecture of Intersubjectivity. In Social Psychology in Transition. L.H. Strickland, F.E. Aboud and K.J. Gergen, eds. Pp. 201-214. New York: Plenum Press.

Pienkos, Elizabeth

2015 Intersubjectivity and Its Role in Schizophrenic Experience. The Humanistic Psychologist 43: 194-209.

Lecture; group presentations; discussions;

 

   

7

Theoretical

Approach V

人類的個體發展(ontogenetic development)

 

Heritage, John

1984 Garfinkel and Ethnomethodology. Cambridge: Polity Press.

Chapter 2: A Parsonian Backdrop.

Chapter 3: The Phenomenological Input.

Sidnell, Jack

2014 The Architecture of Intersubjectivity Revisited. In The Cambridge Handbook of Linguistic Anthropology. Pp. 364-399. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Lecture; group presentations; discussions; 3 9

8

Theoretical

Approach VI

梅洛龐蒂(Merleau-Ponty)、身體、

體現主體

Merleau-Ponty, Maurice

2012[1945] Phenomenology of Perception. London: Routledge.

Part I: The Body.

Part III: Being-for-Itself and Being-in-the-World.

Lecture; group presentations; discussions;

 

3 9

9

Theoretical

Approach VII

體現(embodiment)、多感官經驗

Howes, David

2019 Multisensory Anthropology. Annual Review of Anthropology 48: 17-28.

Csordas, Thomas J

2008 Intersubjectivity and Intercorporeality. Subjectivity 22: 110-121.

Zlatev, Jordan

2017 Embodied Intersubjectivity. In The Cambridge Handbook of Cognitive Linguistics.  Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Lecture; group presentations; discussions;

 

3 9

10

Theoretical

Approach VIII

能動性、

定位(positioning)、

互為主體性

Holland, Dorothy, William S. Lachicotte Jr., Debra Skinner and Carole Cain

2001 Identity and Agency in Cultural Worlds. Cambridge: Harvard University Press.

Chapter 1: The Woman Who Climbed Up the House.

Chapter 2: A Practice Theory of Self and Identity.

Chapter 3: Figured Worlds.

Lee, Boomi and Soo-Jung Lee

2021 Good Things from Both Worlds and the Dilemmas They Pose: The Case of a Childcare Cooperative Movement in South Korea. Ethos 49(1): 11-30.

Lecture; group presentations; discussions;

 

3 9

11

Care, Social Network and Intersubjectivity

照護、社會網絡、

互為主題性

Black, Steven P.

2018 The Ethics and Aesthetics of Care. Annual Review of Anthropology 47: 79-95.

Aulino, Felicity

2020 Everyday Care and Precarity: Buddhaghosa and Thai Social Story-Making. Medical Anthropology 39(4): 305-318.

Biehl, João

2012 Care and Disregard. In A Companion to Moral Anthropology. Didier Fassin, ed. Pp. 242-263. John Wiley & Sons.

Lecture; group presentations; discussions; 3 9

12

Empathy, Emotion and Intersubjectivity

同理心、情感、

互為主體性

彭仁郁

2020 臨床田野:遇見異己者、把「人」找回來。刊於《同理心、情感與互為主體:人類學與心理學的對話》。南港:中央研究院民族學研究所。

Holland, Douglas W. and C. Jason Throop

2011 The Anthropology of Empathy: Introduction. In The Anthropology of Empathy:

Experiencing the Lives of Others in Pacific Societies. Pp. 1-21. New York: Berghahn Books.

Wilce, James M.

2009 Language and Emotion. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Chapter 2: The Relationship of Language and Emotion.

Chapter 3: Approaches to Language and Emotion.

Lecture; group presentations; discussions;

 

3 9

13

Psychiatry, Psychoanalysis, Deaf/Hearing Loss

精神醫學、精神分析、聽損/聾人

Luhrmann, Tanya

2021(2000)《兩種心靈:一個人類學家對精神醫學的觀察》。左岸文化。(只閱讀部分書章)

Kleinman, A. and J. Kleinman

1991 Suffering and Its Personal Transformation: Towards an Ethnography of Interpersonal     Experience. Culture, Medicine and Psychiatry 159(3): 275-301.

Pfister, Anne E.

2017 Forbidden Signs: Deafness and Language Socialization in Mexico City. Ethos 45(1): 139-161.

Lecture; group presentations; discussions;

 

3 9

14

Human/Non-Human, Multispecies Ethnography

人/「非」人、

多物種民族誌

簡妤儒

2020 懂牠的心聲:動物溝通中的毛小孩主體展現與關係實作。科技醫療與社會31:67-114。

Hartigan Jr., John

2021 Knowing Animals: Multispecies Ethnography and the Scope of Anthropology. American Anthropologist.

Govindrajan, Radhika

2018 Animal Intimacies: Interspecies Relatedness in India's Central Himalayas. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.

Chapter 1: The Goat Who Died for Family: Sacrificial Ethics and Kinship.

Lecture; group presentations; discussions;

 

3 9

15

Morality, Intimacy and Happiness

道德、親密關係、

快樂

Evans, Harriet

2012 The Intimate Individual: Perspective from the Mother-Daughter Relationship in Urban China. In Chinese Modernity and the Individual Psyche. New York: Palgrave Macmillan.

Wiegele, Katharine L.

2008 Unconventional Sisterhood: Feminist Catholic Nuns in the Philippines. American Ethnologist 30(3): 458-459.

Throop, C. Jason

2015 Ambivalent Happiness and Virtuous Suffering. HAU: Journal of Ethnographic Theory 5(3): 45-68.

Lecture; group presentations; discussions;

 

3 9

16

Religious Practice, Belief and Intersubjectivity

宗教實踐、信仰、

互為主體性

Luhrmann, Tanya M.,

2012 A Hyperreal God and Modern Belief: Toward an Anthropological Theory of Mind. Current Anthropology 53(4): 371-395.

Harkness, Nicholas

2017 Glossolalia and Cacophony in South Korea: Cultural Semiosis at the Limits of Language. American Ethnologist 44(3): 476-489.

Swancutt, Katherine

2021 The Chicken and the Egg: Cracking the Ontology of Divination in Southwest China.

Social Analysis 65(2): 19-40.

Lecture; group presentations; discussions;

 

3 9

17

Religious Subjectivity, Trance, Hallucination and Shamanism

宗教主體性、出神、幻覺、薩滿信仰

Ryoko, Shiotsuki

2015 A Society Accepting of Spirit Possession: Mental Health and Shamanism in Okinawa. In Religion and Psychotherapy in Modern Japan. London: Routledge.

Ellingson, Ter

2008 Arrow and Mirror: Interactive Consciousness, Ethnography, and the Tibetan State Oracle’s Trance. Anthropology and Humanism 23(1): 51-76.

Csordas, Thomas J.

2019 Specter, Phantom, and Demon. Ethos 47(4): 519-529.

Lecture; group presentations; discussions;

 

3 9

18

跨領域對話的契機和限制性:人類學、心理學和其他學科之間 Weisman, Kara and T.M. Luhrmann

2020 What Anthropologists Can Learn from Psychologists, and the Other Way Around. Journal of the Royal Anthropological Institute 26(S1): 131-147.

  3 9

上課形式|Activities


30%

講述Lecture

40%

討論Discussion

20%

小組活動Group activity

10%

數位學習E-learning

0%

其他:Others:

評分標準|Grading


Class Attendance/Participation/Discussion (total 10%)

Discussion Questions (total 15%)

 

Article Presentations (5 times, each 4%) (total 20%)

Final Project Presentation (total 7%)

 

Response Papers (5 times, each 4%) (total 20%)

Fieldwork Paper (total 8%)

Final Written Paper (20%)      

參考書目|Readings


[Required Text指定書目

 

[Chinese Texts]

Hegel, Georg Wilhelm Friedrich

2019[1807] 精神現象學(The Phenomenology of Spirit)。先剛譯。臺北 : 五南圖書。

劉斐玟、朱瑞玲編

2020 《同理心、情感與互為主體:人類學與心理學的對話》。第二版。南港:中央研究院民族學研究所。

Sontag, Susan

2012《疾病的隱喻》(Illness as Metaphor and AIDS and Its Metaphor)。台北:麥田出版。

Biehl, Joao

2019[2005]《卡塔莉娜》(Vita: Life in a Zone of Social Abandonment)。新北市:左岸文化。

Kleinman, Arthur

2020《照護的靈魂》(The Soul of Care)。台北:心靈工坊。

劉哲

2021《生成主體性:梅洛龐蒂與唯心論》。北京:北京大學出版社。

Luhrmann, Tanya

2021(2000)《兩種心靈:一個人類學家對精神醫學的觀察》。左岸文化。

汪文聖

2019《現象學作為一種實踐哲學》。台北:聯經出版社。

楊芳枝編

2017《邊緣主體:性別和身份認同政治》。台南:成功大學人社科學中心出版。

 

[English Texts]

Merleau-Ponty, Maurice

2012[1945] Phenomenology of Perception. London: Routledge.

Husserl, Edmund

2001 Analyses Concerning Passive and Active Synthesis: Lecture on Transcendental Logic.

Anthony J. Steinbock, trans. Dordrecht: Kluwer.

Heritage, John

1984 Garfinkel and Ethnomethodology. Cambridge: Polity Press.

Holland, Dorothy, William S. Lachicotte Jr., Debra Skinner and Carole Cain

2001 Identity and Agency in Cultural Worlds. Cambridge: Harvard University Press.

Wilce, James M.

2009 Language and Emotion. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Harding, Christopher, Iwata Fumiaki, and Yoshinaga Shin’ichi, eds.

2015 Religion and Psychotherapy in Modern Japan. London: Routledge.

Duranti, Alessandro

2015 The Anthropology of Intentions: Language in a World of Others. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

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