華語教學思與行 Digital Learning: Learn to Teach; Teach to Learn

張郇慧;杜容玥
政大華語文教學碩士學位學程 MA Program in Teaching Chinese as a Second Language, NCCU
2020/09/17
~ 2021/01/31
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開課教師|Instructor


張郇慧
副教授

現任華語文教學博碩士學位學程主任
專長領域:句法學、構詞學、語料庫語言學

杜容玥
助理教授

現任華語文教學博碩士學位學程助理教授
專長領域:語音學、音韻學、漢語語言學、心理語言學、華語教學

廖灝翔
協同教師

現任美國麻省理工學院 中文項目主任
專長領域:教材編寫、課程設計與學習評量、教學法

胡龍華
協同教師

現任美國布朗大學中文項目負責人兼資深講師
專長領域:語音教學、發音技巧、糾音

 

梁新欣
協同教師

現任美國維吉尼亞大學東亞語言文學文化系教授
專長領域:華語教材教法、師資培育

 

課程介紹|Content


本課程期能藉由與國外資深師資合作,協同開課,以提供學生華語教學知識與教學實踐。課程之設計蘊涵第一線華語教師所需具備的教學素養、教學法與教學技巧,包括語音訓練、發音技巧與糾錯、語法教學、還包括最新的線上課程之創意課堂設計等。課程內容圍繞國內外教學現場的常見問題討論,從小問題與細節處著手,引導學生認識並掌握語言教學重點。

本課程結合了語言教學中的理論與實務教學,涵蓋語音、語法與教學法三個部分。課程聚焦於第一線教學的技能與素養培育,深入探討課堂語法教學,語音糾錯與正音教學,以及遠距教學趨勢下的創新課堂活動設置。課程介紹華語文教學中重要的語法概念,以鞏固學生對語言結構的認識,並了解語法在語言教學中的所扮演的重要角色。討論的主題包括把字句、動詞重複句、處所句、動補結構與單位詞等。在發音與糾音部分,利用實際操演的方式,鼓勵學生從「做中學」,在練習發音的同時,也學習如何改進自己的發音,進而對糾音技巧有初步認識與理解。

本課程除了立論於語言學基礎外,也融入了實務教學,提供學生大量的教學演練機會,更安排教師針對學生的實作表現個別點評。藉由實務演練,將理論概念與知識應用到教學上,另有與國內外學生相互交流,營造良性的社群互動。

This course provides students the knowledge and techniques of Chinese language pedagogy by both campus and overseas professionals. The chair of the program,
Hsun-Huei Chang, and Hsin Hsin Liang, the professor of Asian Language Literature and Cultures of the University of Virginia, USA will introduce the core concept of grammar in teaching Chinese language. The Assistant professor of the program,
Jung-Yueh Tu, will introduce Chinese phonology with the practices of teaching Chinese articulation provided by Lung-Hua Hu, the senior lecturer in East Asian Studies of Brown University, USA. Haohsiang Liao, the director of the Chinese Language Program at Massachusetts Institute of Technology, USA, will introduce the applications of combining in-class instructions with advancements in digital learning of Chinese language in culture.

The course takes the forms of both online and in-class learning and teaching, for students and lecturers abroad and on campus, respectively. Students are expected to be capable of applying the linguistic-based theories of syntax, phonology, and learning methodology in Chinese to their language pedagogy. Therefore, a teaching demonstration is required at the end of the semester.

課程目標|Goal


  1. 了解華語文教學應具備之語言學知識與教學技能
  2. 能反思現有華語教學的難點或困境
  3. 能探索、熟悉新型態的數位教學學習模式
  4. 拓展學生學習視野,打破學習疆界
  5. 對海外教學現況有所了解

 

  1. Equip with basic linguistic knowledge and educational skills for Chinese teaching
  2. Reflect on the difficulties of Chinese teaching nowadays
  3. Be familiar with digital learning and overseas teaching in Chinese

課程進度|Schedule


週次

臺灣時間

課程內容

第一週

09/17

課程介紹

第二週

09/24

詞彙教學法的教與學

第三週

10/01

國定假日

第四週

10/08

補語句、把字句、被字句

第五週

10/15

教材與教學法實作

第六週

10/22

華語語音與音韻系統概述

第七週

10/29

華語發音教法

第八週

11/05

北美大學華語數位教學現況
磨課師平台edX:過去、現在、未來

第九週

11/12

認識教材、教法實作(一)
數位課程呈現 I:聽說

第十週

11/19

認識教材、教法實作(二)
數位課程呈現:讀(打)(輸)寫

第十一週

11/26

線上輔導:訓練與實務
經營社群

第十二週

12/03

華語聲母和韻母的辨正及教學

第十三週

12/10

華語聲調的辨正及教學

第十四週

12/17

正音演練與發音點評

第十五週

12/24

發音教學點評演練

第十六週

12/31

教學示範

第十七週

01/07

教學演練與點評

第十八週

01/14

學生成果發表

 

 

 

 

 

 

Date

EST Time

Schedule

Week 1

09/16

Introduction

Week 2

09/23

Lexical Approach: Teaching and Learning

Week 3

09/30

Holliday

Week 4

10/07

“ba” and “bei” construction; Resultative verb complement

Week 5

10/14

Introduction to teaching material and pedagogical approach

Week 6

10/21

Introduction to Mandarin phonetics and phonology

Week 7

10/28

Teaching methodology in Mandarin pronunciation

Week 8

11/04

Current Mandarin teaching in North America
MOOCs edX: Past, now, and future

Week 9

11/11

Teaching materials and pedagogical approach:
Digital courses: Listening and speaking

Week 10

11/18

Teaching materials and pedagogical approach:
Digital courses: Reading and writing

Week 11

11/25

Online training and practice:
Classroom management

Week 12

12/02

Teaching Mandarin initials and rhymes

Week 13

12/09

Teaching Mandarin tones

Week 14

12/16

Presentation I: Mandarin pronunciation

Week 15

12/23

Presentation II: Teaching Mandarin pronunciation

Week 16

12/30

Teaching demonstration

Week 17

01/06

Presentation III: Teaching Mandarin grammar

Week 18

01/13

Final presentation

上課形式|Activities


本課程以中文授課。修選本課程的學生得全程出席。

This course is conducted in Chinese. Participation to each class is an assent.

【修課人數】
校內學員:15人
網路學員:15人
共 30 人

評分標準|Grading


討論Discussion:30%
小組活動Group Activity:30%
成果發表:40 %

先備知識|Prerequisites


非本領域學生:語言學概論;非華語母語者:華語高級

Basic knowledge of Chinese linguistics is required. High level of proficiency in Chinese language is of the essence to those who are not native speakers of Chinese.

參考書目|Readings


  1. 張郇慧。2012。華語句法新論(上)。台北:正中書局。
  2. 朱川。1997 (2013增訂本)。《漢語語音學習對策》。北京:語文出版社。 
  3. 趙元任。1980。《語言問題》。商務印書館。 
  4. 宋欣橋。2017。《普通話語音訓練教程》。審定:王均,劉照雄,商務印書館。
  5. Everson, Michael E., and Yun Xiao (eds.). 2009. Teaching Chinese as a Foreign Language: Theories and applications. Cheng & Tsui Company.
  6. Huang, Chu-Ren, and Dingxu Shi (eds.). 2016. A Reference Grammar of Chinese. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
  7. Jin, Hong Gang, Lian Xue, Yusheng Yang and Lan Zhao Zhou. 2016. The Routledge advance language training course for K-16 non-native Chinese teachers. Routledge.
  8. Li, Charles N., and Sandra A. Thompson. 1981. Mandarin Chinese: A functional reference grammar, Berkeley: University of California Press.
  9. Sun, Chaofen. 2006/2010. Chinese: A Linguistic Introduction. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
  10. Yang, Xiao-Desai, and Ka F. Wong. (eds.). 2018. Explorations in teaching Chinese as a second language. 國際中文教育新拓展: 姚道中學術成就論文集. Cheng & Tsui Company.
  11. Liao, Haohsiang. 2016. Easy Mandarin Chinese. Tuttle Publishing. ISBN: 978-0804846646
  12. Liao, Haohsiang & Kang Zhou. 2018. Beginning Mandarin Chinese Characters. Tuttle Publishing. ISBN: 978-0804845076
  13. Chuang, Isaac & Andrew Ho. 2016. “HarvardX and MITx: Four Years of Open Online Courses -- Fall 2012-Summer 2016” (Online).
  14. Liao, Haohsiang. 2018. “I.T. for W.H.O.M.: My Tens Years of Pedagogical Training,” The World of Chinese Language, 121, 82-88. Taipei: World Chinese Language Association. Cheng Chung Book Company.
  15. Liao, Haohsiang. 2015. “Chinese Language Pedagogy at the University Level in the United States,” Encyclopedia of Chinese Language and Linguistics. Brill Online.
  16. Lin, Y.-H. (2007). The Sounds of Chinese. Cambridge University Press.
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